A few months ago, while the Chinese population officially passed 1.3 billion people, government officials could have delayed congratulate 4 years this event through family planning, including the one-child policy unique. Recently, however, while the trend of family planning is easing some slippage recall the darkest hours of the birth control policy.
Policy birth control: family planning and one child
Shortly after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, all areas have resulted in a large building. “More arms, more strength,” this is what was the slogan which was then natalist support this direction, and more than a slogan frequently heard, he summed up the reality of the time: in the countryside, a family that included four or five men was considered the richest in the village. Under this leadership, China experienced its first population wave, especially in the 60s, when its population from 700 to 800 million in 5 years.
Faced with this runaway population 1971 saw the establishment of the Chinese government the first member of birth control: family planning.
At the time, there is no question of one-child policy. Planned Parenthood provides a set of measures, targets and programs to curb the population explosion, such as:
encourage the postponement of marriages and births
encourage couples to have a second child at an interval of more than 4 years and have fewer children
In 1978, Deng Xiaoping on the path of the Four Modernizations to improve the living standards of the Chinese, who are accompanied by reforms defining new goals demographic ambitious: in 2000, the population should not exceed 1.2 billion people.
So when in 1980 the Chinese population reached alarming number of 1 billion people, family planning becomes more radical, “one couple, one child” became the slogan of the one-child policy, which will become part of the same enshrined in the Constitution in 1982.